Biotech Studies 2011, Vol 20, Num, 2     (Pages: 024-032)

Effect of Irrigation at Different Growth Stages of some Chickpea Cultivars (Cicer arietinum L.) on Phenological Characteristics and Yield

Nihal KAYAN

1 Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü, Eskişehir Viewed : 955 - Downloaded : 882 The study was carried out determine the effect of different chickpea cultivars (Gökçe, Akçin, Işık, Yaşa) and irrigation (S1: no irrigation, S2: irrigation at emergence, S3: emergence + flowering, S4: emergence + flowering + pod formation) on phenological characteristics and yield of chickpea. Experiment was arranged in split plot design with three replications. Differences among the irrigation time were determined to be significant investigated traits except flowering time in first years. In first year, differences were observed for cultivars to flowering time, pod information time, physiological maturation time, first pod height and yield. In second year, differences were observed for cultivars to flowering time, pod information time, physiological maturation time and pod per plant. In conclusion, irrigation delayed phenological growth and increased plant height, first pod height, pod per plant and yield. Akçin gave higher response at two years. Keywords : Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), irrigation, cultivar, yield