Biotech Studies 2009, Vol 18, Num, 1     (Pages: 043-047)

Advancement of Safflower and Rapeseed Production of Turkey in Recent Years

Suay BAYRAMİN ,Mehmet Demir KAYA

1 Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü, Yenimahalle-Ankara Viewed : 830 - Downloaded : 954 Sunflower has the first place in terms of sowing area, production and oil consumption among the oil seed crops. However, the amount of vegetable oil produced in our country has not been met our demands. Totally approximately $ 3 billion was paid for oil seed, meal and crude oil imports in 2008. The extending of safflower and rapeseed cultivation has become a necessity to increase production and reduce imports of oil seed crops. When safflower sowing area and production were analyzed, safflower sowing area and production were determined as 53.696 da and 7.086 ton, respectively. On the other hand, rapeseed was produced 84 thousand tons in the area of 278.784 da. 90 % of total rapeseed sowing area was placed in Marmara region while The Central Anatolia had the first place with 89% of total area in safflower cultivation. Especially a significant increase has not been determined in the production of safflower cultivation area until 2006. But, implemented supports and encouragement have been provided remarkable increases in safflower and rapeseed production. Keywords : Safflower, rapeseed, sowing area, production, yield