Biotech Studies 2006, Vol 15, Num, 1-2     (Pages: 074-085)

SAFFLOWER (Carthamus tinctorius L.) –RAPESEED (Brassica napus spp. oleifera L.) CULTIVATION and BREEDING

Suay BAYRAMİN

1 Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü ANKARA Viewed : 851 - Downloaded : 690 Oilseed Crops will be an important resource for years to come as consumption of food oils. Furthermore, vegetable oils begin to replace petrochemicals in many industrial applications and biodiesel production. Oilseed crops have also an importance as high-protein meal.

Safflower and rapeseed are important oilseed crops around the world. They produce vegetable oils for use in both nutritional and industrial applications. Oilseeds such as rapeseed and safflower are grown in rotation with cereals or other crops for several reasons such as: breaking pest and disease cycles, adding residue or organic matter to the soil, and providing additional income to the farmers.

It is clear that these crops have provided economic, environmental and agronomic benefits to Turkey. Main objective this paper is to present briefly information on safflower and rapeseed cultivation, and breeding. Keywords : Safflower, rapeseed, biodiesel, cultivation, breeding